While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. Though these may be dangerous to them, they go ahead with alcohol consumption (the possible dangers may or may not be clear to the person)
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Some of the symptoms and signs of drug dependence can include:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. Sacrifices might be made in other parts of their budget so they can make sure they always have their substance of choice.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Neglecting leisure and pastime activities - as the addiction takes its toll, the person might abandon activities that used to be important to him. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.