It is a synthetically made drug, having a potency that is 50 to 100 times better than morphine. To relieve severe pain, such as during cancer treatment or after surgery Fentanyl is used which is a powerful pain reliever. Fentanyl is a pretty potent opioid that is usually used in patients who are not responding to other pain meds. Fentanyl has a high potential for addiction due to its potency. More of the drug is required to reach the previous sensations once someone develops a tolerance to Fentanyl narcotic properties and he or she will depend on it to feel "normal".
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To meet the patient's needs, Fentanyl can take many forms.
Following are the few brand names and forms for Fentanyl:
Actiq - The form of Fentanyl which is available as lozenge placed on a plastic stick taken under tongue just as is the case for a lollipop.
It has some military applications and is used for patients who are already on pain-relieving medications.
Duragesic - It is a Fentanyl patch that was used first in 1990s.
Its effects can last for up to 3 days and it's prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain.
Sublimaze -This is version of Fentanyl that can be used intravenously and is used in health centres together with pain reliever.
Used to handle pain before and after surgery.
Subsys - A sublingual spray that is given under a patient's tongue to result in an immediate relief of pain.
The treatment of breakthrough cancer pain is its main effect.
Abstral - This drug is the tablet equivalent of Fentanyl and is also administered under the tongue to grant relief to people whose bodies do not respond positively to other pain relievers.
Lazanda - Is a Fentanyl nasal spray which is administered in the same manner as a common nasal decongestant spray.
In cancer patients, it is predominantly used to treat pain.
Fentanyl increasing production of the chemical dopamine and works by blocking pain receptors in the brain. TNT, China white, Crush, China girl, apache and dance fever are some of the other ways to call the drug.
In case you or someone close to you is abusing Fentanyl don't hesitate to ask for help.
Abuse Of Fentanyl And The Effects
This drug has a high chance of being abused in any of its forms just as other high classed drugs are.
When thinking about the potency and addictive potential of the drug it has caused the National Institute on Drug Abuse to produce a warning that a Fentanyl epidemic has the possibility of occurring.
An intense euphoria and sense of relaxation similar to a heroin "high" are experienced by those ingesting Fentanyl at unprescribed levels.
Some of the key outward symptoms of Fentanyl abuse are:
Nausea and throwing up
People whose bodies react to pain relievers will find addiction to Fentanyl to be more likely. If someone abuses the substance without a tolerance, then they already have increased the risk of overdosing.
Fentanyl abuse can cause depression and even result in failure of the respiratory system, ending up with a possible fatal overdose.
The destructive power of Fentanyl is increased when it is combined with other addictive substances such as cocaine and heroin. This drug can lead to the death of the addict regardless of the purpose of its use.
The drug may reconfigure the brain and stimulate overproduction of dopamine as a result of its effect on the central nervous system. As a result of the neurochemical changes, someone using it as prescribed may become dependent on it and he/she may look for other means of acquiring it after finishing their prescription.
OPRs that include Fentanyl could rapidly move from being trivial drugs of abuse to one having a profound addiction.
Given that a number of people are not of the opinion that OPRs like Fentanyl have an inherent ability to cause an addiction like heroin or other street drugs, this creates room for accidental as well as intentional abuse. The Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders offers doctors a criteria of making a diagnosis of substance use disorder which helps in picking out subtle behaviours that could indicate one being tolerant or developing some withdrawal effects.
Find out more about a Fentanyl addiction
Fentanyl Addiction And The Treatment
Even though it is not really life-threatening when stopping the use this drug by going cold turkey, it is not the best decision. An addiction to the substance is developed when on those who live with a Fentanyl addiction have been using the drugs over a long period of time, withdrawals take a painful toll on users. Inpatient and outpatient resources are offered by specialized treatment centres to help those addicted quit Fentanyl.
Symptoms from the drug are determined by the degree of addiction and by the from the drug is taken in.
Users are still vulnerable to potential relapse despite Fentanyl withdrawal being typically non lethal. The chances of going back to the drug will reduce and recovery will speed up if experienced doctors are present during the recovery process.
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Your reliance on Fentanyl can be fought even though it may not be an easy ride. There are various support groups across the country to help you overcome your addiction. Start overcoming your addiction now.